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Brian Voss, UMD’s Incoming VP of IT
Image by Merrill College of Journalism Press Releases
University of Maryland News
June 9, 2011
New UMD VP of Information: Brian Voss, IT Leader in Higher Education
Looks to IT To Gain Strategic Advantage
COLLEGE PARK, Md. – The University of Maryland has named Brian D. Voss as its new vice president of information technology (IT) and chief information officer (CIO). His IT experience spans 25 years, much of it spent in leadership positions at public, flagship research universities.
Voss has been active in major national higher education technology initiatives, and is a nationally recognized leader in cybersecurity, cyberinfrastructure, IT strategy and disaster recovery planning. Currently, he serves as Louisiana State University’s (LSU) first-ever vice chancellor for information technology.
Voss begins at Maryland in August 2011.
At LSU for the past six years and at Indiana University for nearly 20 years before that, Voss has been instrumental in the use of IT in transforming the institution’s environment. Among his recent areas of focus at Louisiana, he includes: IT strategic planning and governance; expanding cyberinfrastructure to support emerging research needs, especially in the area of high-performance computing and networking; shifting campus IT services and applications to “the cloud” to improve effectiveness and cut costs; and expanding opportunities for online education and support of classroom teaching and learning.
Voss also was involved in the LSU effort to aid recovery in Louisiana following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and gained recognition nationally for his experiences in IT disaster planning.
"Information technology is the central nervous system of a major public research institution, and vital to our statewide service mission," says University of Maryland President Wallace Loh. "Brian’s experience, approach and leadership will keep us on the path to a first-class information technology infrastructure. We’re fortunate to have someone of Brian’s stature at the helm."
Philosophically, Voss describes himself as a believer in “user-centric, community-driven IT planning and governance,” implemented with a “nurturing leadership style.” He embraces the principle of “IT abundance” – providing an environment that features advanced technology readily available to the university community. Also, Voss advocates “humanware” – ensuring that investments in hardware and software are well supported by the human resources needed to get the most value possible from the IT environment.
“All areas of IT must be addressed to help the institution move forward; no one area can be addressed at the expense of another,” Voss stresses.
On the national stage, Voss has actively collaborated with other higher education institutions and organizations, particularly on issues of cybersecurity and cyberinfrastructure. He has served on key advisory boards, councils, management groups, as well as organizations such as EDUCAUSE, Internet2, ACUTA, Campus Technology, Microsoft, and REN-ISAC.
Among his accomplishments, Voss includes his role securing over -million in funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the past decade, helping both IU and LSU become part of the national Teragrid – an NSF network extending high-performance computing.
Voss led efforts at LSU to adopt the open source Moodle Learning Management system, helping teachers create instructional web sites and doing so on a large scale without increasing costs. While at Indiana, he helped pioneer the campus/enterprise software licensing model – with Microsoft as the prime example – providing access to a broad suite of products for the entire campus community; this model is widely used today and benefits many universities nationally.
His publications span the IT discipline, including IT support models and best practices; campus networking (wireless and wired infrastructure) and regional and national optical networking; disaster recovery and campus crisis notification; cyberinfrastructure for research; cybersecurity and policy; and IT leadership.
“The pace of technological advance, as well as growing challenges, such as cybersecurity, demand that universities like Maryland remain lithe, responsive and yet prudent in their deployment of IT,” Voss adds. “I am very pleased to join the Maryland team, as I believe President Loh and the campus community grasps the critical role that IT plays in the strategic advance of a public, flagship, research university in the 21st century.”
Voss will succeed interim IT vice president and CIO Joseph JaJa, and the late Jeffrey Huskamp.
See Voss’ bio here: newsdesk.umd.edu/vibrant/vossbio.cfm
Senior Media Relations Associate
University of Maryland
A stem of Commelina benghalensis …Một nhánh cây Thài Lài lông, Trai đầu rìu …
Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Blue-flowered Commelina species such as Commelina benghalensis and Commelina diffusa Burm.f. are easily confused.
Vietnamese named : Thài Lài lông, Trai Đầu Rìu
English names : Benghal dayflower
Scientist name : Commelina benghalensis L.
Synonyms : Commelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
Family : Commelinaceae. Họ Thài Lài ( Họ Trai )
Searched from :
**** TRUNG TÂM DỮ LIỆU THỰC VẬT VIETNAM
Tên Khoa học: Commelina benghalensis L. 1753 (CCVN, 3: 461)
Tên tiếng Anh:
Tên tiếng Việt: Thài lài lông; Đầu rìu
Tên khác: C. cucullata L. 1771. (FC:39)
Thài lài lông, Ðầu riều, Trai ấn – Commelina benghalensis L., thuộc họ Thài lài – Commelinaceae.
Mô tả: Cây thảo sống lâu năm, mọc bò lan trên mặt đất, thân cành nhiều, dài tới 70cm hay hơn, có lông. Lá mọc so le, hình bầu dục thuôn, dài 8-12cm, rộng 3-3,5cm, chóp lá có đuôi, bẹ có rìa lông. Trên nhánh ở đất, hoa ngậm, vàng vàng, ở nhánh đứng, cụm hoa có vài chùm ít hoa, hoa lam có 3 nhị sinh sản. Quả nang cao 6mm, 2 ô 4 hạt.
Bộ phận dùng: Toàn cây – Herba Commelinae Benghalensis.
Nơi sống và thu hái: Thài lai lông phân bố rộng rãi ở các vùng nhiệt đới của châu Á và châu Phi. Ở nước ta, cây mọc phổ biến ở khắp nơi, chỗ ẩm mát, trên các bãi đất hoang, hoặc ven rừng thưa, ven suối ẩm.
Thành phần hóa học: Người ta đã biết thành phần dinh dưỡng của Thài lài lông gồm chất khô 16,5%, protein 2,21%, lipid 0,31%, glucid 8,77%, cellulose 1,35% và khoáng toàn phần 3,86%; có caroten 1,6mg% và vitamin C 48,3mg%.
Tính vị, tác dụng: Vị đắng, tính hàn, có tác dụng thanh nhiệt giải độc, lợi niệu, tiêu thũng, có tính làm dịu, nhuận tràng.
Công dụng, chỉ định và phối hợp: Thài lài lông có ngọn và lá non, vò kỹ, thái nhỏ, luộc hay nấu canh ăn; trâu bò và lợn cũng thích ăn rau này, nhất là trâu bò cái mới sinh.
Ở Ấn Độ, người ta dùng cây chữa bệnh phong hủi.
Ở Vân Nam (Trung Quốc) cây được dùng trị trẻ em viêm phổi, tiểu tiện bất lợi, mụn nhọt lở ngứa.
Commelina benghalensis L. – Thài lài lông, Cỏ đầu rìu.
Cỏ cao 30 – 60m. Rễ chùm. Thân phân nhánh bén rễ ở các mấu. Lá dài 2 – 6cm, rộng 1 – 3cm, hình bầu dục; bẹ lá hình ống hẹp.
Cụm hoa là chùm thưa hoa, 2 – 4 hoa bao bọc trong các mo; gần gốc có mo ít phát triển, chứa hoa không nở, sinh quả nang chín ở dưới đất. Lá đài 3, màu vàng rồi màu xanh. Cánh hoa 3 hoặc 2, màu thanh thiên hay trắng, 3 nhị sinh sản; bao phấn 2 ô nứt dọc; 3 nhị không sinh sản hoặc 3 nhị lép cấu tạo bởi một phiến hình cánh hoa có 2 thùy. Vòi hình trụ, khá to. Quả nang 3 ô; 2 ô ở phía bụng, mỗi ô đựng 4 hạt; ô ở phía lưng hình lòng thuyền đựng 1 hạt. Hạt hình khối nhiều mặt, vỏ hạt có nếp uốn lượn ở mặt ngoài, có mào dọc màu nâu ở mặt trong.
Phân bố rộng rãi ở các vùng nhiệt đới và cận nhiệt đới của châu Á và châu Phi. Ở nước ta, cây mọc khắp nơi từ Lào Cai, Lạng Sơn cho tới thành phố Hồ Chí Minh.
Thường gặp ở chỗ ẩm mát, trên các bãi đất hoang, ven rừng thưa, ven suối ẩm, trong sân vườn và dọc đường đi.
Ra hoa vào mùa hạ và mùa thu.
Thài lài lông có ngọn và lá non, vò kỹ, thái nhỏ, luộc hay nấu canh ăn; trâu bò và lợn cũng thích ăn rau này, nhất là trâu bò cái mới sinh.
Ở Ấn Độ, người ta dùng cây chữa bệnh phong hủi.
Ở Vân Nam (Trung Quốc), cây được dùng trị trẻ em viêm phổi, tiểu tiện bất lợi, mụn nhọt lở ngứa.
Taxonomic name: Commelina benghalensis L.
Synonyms: Commelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
Organism type: herb
Believed to be native only to tropical Asia and Africa, Commelina benghalensis is a widely distributed herbaceous weed that commonly invades agricultural sites and disturbed areas. Though not commonly reported to invade natural areas, this rapidly reproducing plant is considered one of the most troublesome weeds for 25 crops in 29 different countries.
Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. Leaves are ovate to lancolate, 2.5-7.5cm long, 1.5-4cm wide, with parallel veination, entire leaf margins, and pubescence on top and bottom. The leaf sheath is covered in red and sometimes white hairs at the apex which is a primary identification factor for this species. Stems can be erect or crawling along the ground rooting at the nodes or climbing if supported, 10-30cm in height, 20-90cm in length, covered in a fine pubescence and dichotomously branched. Flowers are produced in spathes often found in clusters, funnel shaped, fused by two sides, 10-20 mm long, 10-15 mm wide, on peduncles 1-3.5 mm in length. Aerial flowers are staminate, perfect, and chasmogamous with 3 petals 3-4 mm long. The upper two flower petals are blue to lilac in color, with the lower petal lighter in color or white and much less prominent. Seeds are rectangular, 1.6-3 mm in length, 1.3-1.8 mm wide, brown to black in color, and have a netted appearance (Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina spp., Commelina virginica
In Africa and India the leaves and stems of Commelina benghalensis are chopped and cooked as vegetables and used as feed for livestock. Different components of C. benghalensis are also used as a medicinal for ailments such as sore feet, sore throat, burns, eye irritation, thrush in infants, and stomach irritation. In southern Africa, C. benghalensis is used to combat infertility (van der Burg, 2004).
Preventative measures: Preventing dense populations of Commelina benghalensis from establishing in agricultural areas helps avoid the accumulation of large seed banks. Cultivation of a cover crop can be used to smother emerging and established populations of C. benghalensis, however mechanical or chemical removal may be needed prior to planting the cover crop. Increasing the density of plants in soybeans and doubling rows in corn helps control and shade out C. benghalensis (Flanders, 2007; NAPPO, 2003; Prostko, 2005).
Physical: Removal by pulling or use of a tool such as a hoe, or mechanical cultivation have a varying, but usually low, degree of success due to the regenerative properties of C. benghalensis. In one study, comparing conventional tillage to strip tillage, conventional tillage was shown to have a much lower density (3 plants/m2 versus 60 plants/m2) of C. benghalensis in a weed count performed after peanuts and cotton were planted (Brecke, 2007; NAPPO, 2003).
Chemical: The use of herbicides with residual activity to combat C. benghalensis is often most effective because of the weed’s ability to germinate through out the growing season. C. benghalensis is resistant to glyphosphate in "Roundup Ready" cotton . In one study, adding metachlor to the first glyphosphate application increased control to 96% under conventional tillage and 75% under strip tillage with 50% soil disturbance. According to Prostko (2005), "Dual Magnum" is the most effective residual herbicide to control C. benghalensis in cotton crops. Prostko also suggests "Dual Magnum" application in peanuts for successful suppression, especially if at least 0.5 inches of rain or irrigation is received within 7-10 days. Early post-emergence applications of herbicide should be performed before seedlings of C. benghalensis reach 3-4 inches (Brecke, 2007; Flanders, 2007).
Integrated management: Pieces of cut stems of C. benghalensis, usually cut during physical eradication or cultivation, have the ability to survive a short period of drought stress and resprout. Stem segments must desiccate to a moisture content of 50% for a period of 30 days to reach a 0% regeneration rate, however the size of the stem segment may lengthen the period of viability (Grey, 2007).
In its native range, Commelina benghalensis is a rainy season weed which requires moist soil conditions for establishment. Once established it has a high drought tolerance. C. benghalensis grows well on all soil types of variable pH and moisture levels (NAPPO, 2003; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina benghalensis acts as a herbaceous perennial in its native range and as an annual weed in the southeastern United States. Propagation of C. benghalensis can be both sexual and vegetative, and can possess both aerial and subterranean flowers. Aerial flowers are chasmogamous and self fertilizing, producing one large seed and 4 small. Subterranean flowers are cleistogamous (self fertilizing and do not open), producing one large seed and two small. C. benghalensis has the ability to germinate throughout the growing season. The rate of reproduction of this plant rivals that of any agronomic weed (Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina benghalensis grows as a perennial in tropical climates and as an annual in the temperate United States. This difference in lifecycle can be associated with a difference in ploidy levels, with tropical C. benghalensis being hexaploid and temperate being diploid. Tropical hexaploid plants rarely have subterranean flowers. C. benghalensis can produce seeds within 40-45 days of emergence and has multiple generations per year. Subterranean flowers develop about 6 weeks after emergence, aerial flowers develop about 8-10 weeks after emergence. Fruits are produced within 3 days after flowering, with viable seeds within 25 days after flowering. There are four categories of seeds, large and small aerial and large and small subterranean. Small aerial seeds account for 73-79% of all seeds found. Small aerial seeds have a stronger dormancy than large. Clipping the seed coat or exposing the seeds to temperatures in excess off 90 degrees Celsius for 2 hours removed dormancy for all seeds. The optimal temperature for germination of aerial seeds is 18-25 degrees Celsius and 21-28 degrees Celsius for subterranean seeds. The optimal depth for emergence is 2 inches, with larger seeds emerging from depths up to 6 inches (Flanders, 2007; Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
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In parts of West Africa, e.g. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, the leaves of Commelina benghalensis are cooked and eaten as a vegetable. The leaves are mucilagenous. In Kenya young leaves are eaten as a relish; older leaves are regarded as too acidic and bitter to use. In Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania the leaves and stems are chopped and cooked alone or with other vegetables such as Bidens pilosa L. or Cleome hirta Oliv. It is also reported as a vegetable in Ethiopia. In Indonesia the leaves and young tops are occasionally steamed and eaten as a vegetable, and in the Philippines they are eaten cooked. In India the leaves are eaten as famine food.
In Sudan and eastern Africa the plants are grazed by domestic stock, at the same time providing part of the cattle’s need for water. In northern Ghana it is a favourite feed for pigs and poultry; in Tanzania it is given to animals, especially pigs and rabbits. The flowers provide bee forage. In southern Africa however, its use as pig feed is restricted to times of scarcity as it is thought to cause a sort of ‘measles’ in the animals. There may be edaphic or genetic differences causing such differences in properties, but these may also originate from misidentifications, because most Commelina species resemble each other very closely.
In southern Nigeria the plant is used as a poultice for sore feet. In East Africa the sap of Commelina benghalensis leaves and stems is used to treat ophthalmia, sore throat and burns, and the liquid contained in the flowering spathe is used to treat eye complaints in Zanzibar. In Uganda and Tanzania the sap is used topically against thrush in infants, and in Tanzania a solution of pounded leaves soaked in warm water to treat diarrhoea. In southern Africa Commelina benghalensis is used to counter infertility in women, and a decoction of the root is used for the relief of stomach disorders. In India it is said to be beneficial for leprosy, and in the Philippines it is used as an emollient suppository for strangury. In Rajasthan (India) sheep with jaundice are treated with a mixture of the plant with whey and common salt.
The rhizomes are starchy and mucilaginous. In India and Sudan they are commonly cooked and eaten, and are said to be a wholesome food. In India and China a dye is obtained from the sap of the flowers.
Dry leaves of a sample of Commelina benghalensis from Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire, contained per 100 g: protein 13.6 g, fat 2.1 g, carbohydrate 58 g, fibre 41 g (Busson, 1965). All aboveground parts are astringent and contain hydrocyanic acid. Commelina benghalensis has given negative results in tests for antibacterial effects.
The Army examines programs for military Families 091013
Image by familymwr
PHOTO CAPTION: The 600-plus crowd of Soldiers, Family members and guests, along with about 500 Family Readiness Group leaders from across the Army filled one of the large meeting rooms at this year’s AUSA meeting and exposition at the Washington Convention Center. (Photo by Rob McIlvaine, FMWRC Public Affairs.)
The Army examines programs for military Families 091013
By Rob McIlvaine
FMWRC Public Affairs
WASHINGTON, DC – “Never before have we asked our Families to do so much,” Brig. Gen. Reuben Jones, FMWRC commanding general told more than 600 Family members, Soldiers and guests at the AUSA 2009 Meeting and Exposition.
The second and third days of the AUSA Family Forum series brought Army and civilian leaders together to examine the progress of its existing programs, such as Comprehensive Soldier Fitness, benefits through the Veterans Affairs, outreach to veterans of OIE and OEF, Franklin Covey’s Power pilot program and the Military Child and Adolescent Center of Excellence.
Community partners who embrace Soldiers and their Families presented briefings about their programs, as well. These included Project Home Front, Operation Give a Hug, Azalea Charities and INOVA
“Our Families are showing stress,” Jones said. “We know the strength of our Soldiers comes from the strength of our Families, as Gen. Wickham so eloquently said.”
Retired Gen. John A. Wickham Jr., former Army Chief of Staff and former Secretary of the Army John Marsh signed the white paper "The Army Family" on Aug. 15, 1983 because they wanted to increase funding and oversight of programs like child development centers, family counseling and suicide prevention.
“Yesterday, Secretary of the Army John McHugh, Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey, Jr., and Sgt. Maj. of the Army Kenneth O. Preston reaffirmed the Army’s promise to Soldiers and Families by signing the Army Family Covenant – to build resilience in our Soldiers and Families,” Jones said. “Your Army is working to relieve your stress.”
Brig. Gen. Colleen McGuire, director of the Army’s suicide prevention task force, reported on what she called an unfortunate trend — the steady increase in the rate of Army suicides.
The Army has identified a long list of factors that increase the risk of suicide, including: infidelity, alcohol abuse, high-risk driving, multiple drug offenses, use of opiates, sleep deprivation, erratic behavior, compressed dwell times between deployments and undiagnosed PTSD.
“We have the programs, we have relationship counseling, we have drug testing, but we’ve been heavy on the treatment and not on how to deal with the stress,” McGuire said.
McGuire said the Army continues to examine its counseling, drug testing and medical treatment programs to see if they are effective at mitigating those risks and addressing the needs of today’s Soldiers.
Brig. Gen. Rhonda Cornum directs Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF), the Army’s new effort to ensure its Soldiers, Families and DoD civilians are strong mentally, as well as physically. The motto is Strong Minds, Strong Bodies.
“We all know how to perform CPR, the method to revive someone after they suffer a heart attack,” Cornum said. “It’s better, though, if we can prevent that heart attack through exercise and diet and medication. In CSF, that’s what we are doing for behavioral health.
“People enter the service with a wide variety of mental strengths, but we can make them better through good training and good risk preventive maintenance,” Cornum said.
Cornum said this training is most needed by the Army’s recent influx of very young Soldiers who face the complex array of stressors inherent to warfare in Iraq and Afghanistan. These young Soldiers, who enter the Army with varying degrees of mental preparedness, are often asked to accomplish offensive, defensive, stability and civilian support tasks within a very short period of time.
CSF will be available for the entire force beginning this month, and will be available in January 2010 for Families and in March for DoD civilians. The comprehensive effort has four components: an online self-assessment tool, online self-development tools guided by the assessment, resilience training and master resilience training.
But the big issue, said Family Readiness Group (FRG) leaders, was the stigma involved with any behavioral health program.
“There will be no stigma associated with going through CSF training because everyone will have to enter the program which will accompany them throughout their career,” Cornum said.
The Army is also building many partnerships with civilian corporations to make sure services are available for Soldiers and their Families.
Mike Carr, management and program analyst from the Veterans Benefits Administration, explained its five groups of programs: compensation and pension, education and loan guaranty, insurance, vocational rehabilitation and employment.
Some of these benefits and services are available for Active duty Soldiers after they have served for 90 days or 180 days prior to separation and pre-discharge.
Jennifer Perez, acting chief consultant of the office of patient care services, outlined the nationwide VA network of hospitals, vet centers and outpatient clinics, as well as the special programs for OEF (Operation Enduring Freedom) and OIF (Operation Iraqi Freedom) vets, caregivers and Families and the liaison program aimed at coordinating healthcare between the military and the VA.
One unique private-public partnership that serves Family members is the Fisher House program, which serves over 100,000 Families annually for free so they can be in a home away from home and be close to a loved one during the hospitalization for an unexpected illness, disease or injury.
Alfonso R. Batres, chief officer of the readjustment counseling service at the Department of Veterans Affairs Vet Center program, described the confidential counseling services available for veterans and their Families at vet centers and provided contact info: www.vetcenter.va.gov or 866-644-5371.
“Vet Centers began in 1979 to serve Vietnam vets but now we’re at the forefront of research into PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder),” Batres said. “Usually, though, it’s not the vet who comes in by himself, he’s brought in by a Family member because they’re the first ones to see the changes.”
Vet Centers provide readjustment counseling and outreach services to all veterans who served in any combat zone. Services are also available for their Family members for military-related issues. Veterans have earned these benefits through their service and all are provided at no cost to the veteran or Family.
The 232 community-based Vet Centers are located in all fifty states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands.
Preventing caregiver burnout was the subject discussed by Wayne Boswell and Shawn Moon of Franklin Covey. Providing Outreach While Enhancing Readiness (POWER) is a new program for chaplains, teachers, medical providers and others who support Soldiers experiencing compassion fatigue.
“The needs of caregivers are not addressed enough,” Boswell, who leads the Compassion fatigue program, said. “They are burned out and struggling with the new norm and they’re asking for helps. Who in here has scheduled time for themselves?”
About half of the more than 600-member audience raised their hands.
“You’re lying,” Boswell said. “But we’re here to help by training the trainers, assessing the baseline of individuals and implementing a method to build resilience.”
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